Patients with Metabolic syndrome have a large waist circumference, a high triglyceride level, reduced high-density lipoprotein (cholesterol), increased blood pressure and elevated fasting blood sugar. Metabolic syndrome patients have also serious risk problems such as diabetes type-2 and cardiovascular heart disease. The patients have also risk from cancer and chronic diseases, including osteoarthritis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, reflux, liver and kidney disease, gallstone, sleep apnea, asthma and depression.
The most important difference of Metabolic Surgery from obesity surgery is to let the small intestines out of order with bypass operation. It is a mechanism of operation based on the principles of using the hormonal changes with a transposition / interposition process.
Other difference is with type 2 diabetes who do not have serious weight problems but have other problems like in their hormonal balance, can also be changed by this method. The process wills positive affect on blood glucose levels.
Trans fat (red meat, fried foods, etc.) may cause obesity, as well as low-density (LDL) cholesterol levels in the blood.
Obesity is associated with elevated blood pressure, blood lipids, and blood glucose; changes in body weight are coincident with changes in these risk factors for disease
In obesity there is reduction in the benign cholesterol (HDL) and increase in triglycerides.
Most of the fat in the body is stored as triglycerides. Excess fat that accumulates in a long time causes in the artery wall arteriosclerosis.
In cardiovascular disease is one of the most important risk factors is
Arteriosclerosis. It is also a cause for stroke.
Chest pain (angina) occurs if you do not eat healthy enough and when the pressure on the heart vein increases, especially when it exerts like during sports or climbing stairs, Blockage in the veins can cause heart infarction. Obesity is also one of the factors to develop arteriosclerosis in veins that feed the brain. This causes the formation of intravascular blood clots (embolism) and this stops the blood flow, which results in a stroke. Impaired brain tissue undergoes loss of function also in your body and a few organs lose their functions. Because of Morbid obesity stroke increases to.
Not all obesity patients qualify for bariatric surgery. There are certain criteria that a person must meet in order to be a candidate for bariatric surgery.
Leading up to the procedure, your surgical team wills advice you to start with diet and exercise. This reduces the risk of surgery-related complications and it wills also decreases the size of the liver, what makes the operation easier. Once your surgery date is scheduled, the anesthesiologist will ask about your health history. Although patients will have lots of tests done and medical information detailed during the months before surgery. Respiratory functions will be evaluated. For gastric pathologies, the stomach is evaluated with pre-operative endoscopies. For the surgery procedure is also the opinion taken from the cardiologist and chest doctor, psychiatrist and anesthesia doctor. One night in advance the stomach remains sober. Because of the risk for thrombosis (blood clot) in the veins the blood thinners will be started.
Research indicates that some patients who undergo bariatric surgery may have unsatisfactory weight-loss or regain much of the weight that they lost. Most of all diabetics patients mostly regress or are in complete remission. Hypertension and cholesterol height can improve. The knees get rid of heavy weight so they begin to recover and orthopedic surgery can be eliminated. Sleep apnea improves and sleep becomes meaningful. Internal organs, especially fat in the liver is eliminated. Woman who have had infertility problems before and could not have children can again be fertile. For men the sexual functions work better. Psychologically it feels like if you had been given an overdose with happiness hormones. People who have undergone this operation are more self-confident, looking forward with more hope and becoming much healthier people. But the most important thing is that their lives become 10-15 years longer. Remember bariatric surgery is not the easy way out. Sometimes after stomach by-pass or duodenal switch operations a narrowing occurs % 1-4. Losing weight goes very fast and reflux complaints are increasing especially when consuming pieces of meat or trans fat foods the tolerating is bad. These conditions are not difficult to recognize and endoscopic balloon applications can expand these strictures. In some cases stenosis may require re-surgical intervention and they are not easy interventions.